Rectal Bleeding Treatment in Dubai by Dr Khaldoun Ghareb
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Rectal Bleeding

Rectal Bleeding

What Does Anal-rectal Bleeding Mean?

Rectal bleeding is blood flowing through the anus, and a person may notice blood on the stool, on the toilet paper, or on the inside of the toilet.

Do Symptoms Accompany Anal-rectal Bleeding?

Rectal bleeding may occur alone without other symptoms, but it may be accompanied by the following symptoms, which will be useful to pay attention to, namely:
  • Anal pain.
  • A change in bowel habits
  • Pay attention to the color of the blood coming out; is it bright red or dark red?

Causes of Anal-rectal Bleeding

  1. Anal fissure, or the so-called fissure.
  2. Fistula in the anal area
  3. Hemorrhoids, both internal and external
  4. Anal prolapse (rectal prolapse)
  5. Chronic constipation with very hard stools
  6. Polyps, whether healthy or malignant, in the intestine and colon.
  7. Colitis diseases such as Crohn’s disease or ulcerative colitis.
  8. Ulcers in the rectum

Diagnosis of Anal-rectal Bleeding

The examinations and examinations performed by the specialist physician to diagnose rectal bleeding are:
  • Examination in the clinic.
  • Examination of a stool sample in the laboratory.
  • Anoscopy.
  • Sigmoidoscopy.
  • Colonoscopy.

Treating Anal Bleeding for Adults

The treatment of anal bleeding is the treatment of the cause of the bleeding; this treatment may be related to the type of food, it may be a drug, and it may be a surgical intervention by a specialist doctor; all of this is dependent on the disease that was diagnosed.

What is Chronic Pelvic Pain?

Chronic pelvic pain is pain in the area below the navel and hips, and it lasts for six months or longer.
Pain in the pelvis may be just a symptom of another disease, or it may be an independent condition. If chronic pelvic pain is caused by another disease, treatment for that disease is what is needed to stop the pain.
But in most cases, it is not possible to determine the main and only direct cause that causes pelvic pain, then the diagnosis of chronic pelvic pain is made, and treatment of the symptoms of this disease, which is pain, is started by reducing it to make the practice of daily life easier.

Symptoms of Chronic Pelvic Pain

  • The site of the pain is the entire pelvic area and not a small specific spot.
  • Severe and constant pain
  • Pain that occasionally occurs (intermittent periods)
  • Pain with fatigue
  • Pains with severe cramps
  • Heavy pressure and pressure in the depth of the pelvis

Additional Symptoms

  • Pain during sexual intercourse
  • Pain during bowel movements or urination
  • Pain as a result of sitting for a long time.

Other Symptoms Are Possible

You may be uncomfortable with standing for a long time, and the pain may go away when you lie down. The pain can be mild and annoying.
The pain may be severe enough to prevent sleep and prevent you from going to work.

Causes of Chronic Pelvic Pain

Chronic pelvic pain is a condition that is not simple; it may be due to multiple causes. These causes represent disorders and diseases and may be caused by only one disease. For example, a woman suffers from chronic pelvic pain, and she also suffers from endometriosis and also interstitial cystitis, which results in chronic pelvic pain.

Some Causes of Chronic Pelvic Pain Include


when tissue from the lining of the uterus grows and extends outside the uterus. When the deposits of this tissue respond to the start of the menstrual cycle, its symptoms begin to appear, which is an increase in the thickness of the lining of the uterus and then fragmentation and bleeding every month, and because this matter occurs outside the womb, the damaged blood and tissue cannot exit from the body through the vagina. Instead, blood and tissue remain inside the abdomen, causing painful cysts and fibrous bundles of scar tissue to appear.

Musculoskeletal System Problems

If there is a condition that affects the bones, joints, and connective tissues, and this condition appears if there is a disease such as fibromyalgia, pelvic floor muscle tension disease, arthritis pubis (symphysis pubis), and hernia conditions, which may cause recurrence of suffering from chronic pelvic pain.

Chronic Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

This causes a long-term infection, which is often sexually transmitted and leads to scarring of the pelvic organs.

Remnants of the Ovary.

In the case where the uterus, ovaries, and fallopian tubes are removed, leaving even a small remnant of the ovary unintentionally inside causes cysts that cause severe pain in a later period.


These tumors are non-cancerous uterine growths that cause a feeling of pressure or heaviness in the lower abdomen. It may cause severe pain, but this rarely happens if the blood supply stops and it begins to die and decompose.

Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Flatulence and constipation or diarrhea are symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome that cause a feeling of pelvic pain and pressure.

Painful Bladder Syndrome (Interstitial Cystitis)

A full bladder causes pain in the pelvis, and when the bladder is repeatedly full, the matter is always repeated, but these pains disappear when the bladder is emptied with urination.

Pelvic Congestive Syndrome

Enlarged varicose veins in the uterus and ovaries cause pelvic pain, according to the opinion of many doctors. However, this opinion has medical opposition due to statistics that show that most women with enlarged veins in the pelvic region do not suffer from pelvic pain.

Psychological Factors

Depression, chronic stress, memories of sexual abuse, physical or emotional problems, stress, and the deep likelihood of injury and chronic pain may increase in the pelvis.

Diagnosing Chronic Pelvic Pain

Tests to Diagnose Chronic Pelvic Pain

For the doctor to be able to diagnose the causes of chronic pelvic pain, he asks for tests or examinations, noting that the testing process and examinations to find the cause of chronic pelvic pain is a long process, and the direct cause may never be reached, but the following are the required tests:

Pelvic Test

The result of the test reveals signs of any infection, protrusion, abnormal growth, or cramping of the pelvic floor muscles, as the doctor examines areas of pain.
Note: It is necessary for you to inform the doctor during the examination if you feel pain similar to what you feel at other times, as this is part of the examination.

Lab Tests

Blood and urine tests are useful to make sure that there are no infections such as chlamydia and gonorrhea. Or a urinary tract infection.


This examination is to ensure that there are no lumps or cysts in the ovaries, womb, or fallopian tubes by taking high-resolution images of the body’s structures.

Photography Comes in Several Types

X-rays, computerized tomography (CT) scans, or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) all help to search for and detect any abnormal growths or bumps.


It is a surgery that involves making a small incision in the abdomen that is sufficient to insert a thin tube with a laparoscopy camera. The camera displays images of the pelvis and examines tissues and organs in the pelvic area to distinguish any bumps or abnormal signs that may represent an infection. Laparoscopy is useful for detecting two important diseases, chronic pelvic inflammation and endometriosis.

Treating Chronic Pelvic Pain

If a condition that causes chronic pelvic pain is identified, then that condition is treated if the doctor can determine a specific cause. Otherwise, the goal of treatment is to reduce pain and make the practice of daily life easier, and the ideal treatment includes implementing a range of treatments.

Chronic Pelvic Pain Medications

Pain Killers

Aspirin, ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, others), and acetaminophen (Tylenol, others) may partially help relieve pain. But it rarely solves the problem alone.

Hormonal Treatments

Chronic pelvic pain in many women is related to the stages of the menstrual cycle and the hormonal change accompanying it, so the pain increases on certain days of the cycle due to the influence of hormones. In this case, the contraceptive pill or other hormonal drugs help relieve pain.


If a concomitant disease is diagnosed for which an antibiotic is suitable, the doctor may prescribe it to treat it.


Tricyclic antidepressants, such as amitriptyline and nortriptyline (Pamelor) and others, relieve pain and reduce depression, so they are appropriate even if the patient does not suffer from depression.

Other Treatments for Chronic Pelvic Pain

Natural Therapy

Physiotherapists can search for and find tight muscles and work to relax them to relieve pain, and they can also do exercises that help develop a coping strategy with pain. A physical therapist also identifies pain points using a TENS instrument and delivers electrical impulses to nearby nerve pathways. And there is a psychological technique called biofeedback that helps you identify areas of tight muscles so that you can learn to relax those areas.

Nerve Stimulation (Spinal Cord Stimulation)

Another treatment method is to prevent the feeling of pain by preventing the nerve from transmitting the pain signal to the brain by implanting a device that closes the nerve pathways until it allows it to transmit the pain signal from the pelvis to the brain so that the pain is not felt.


Psychotherapy is on two levels. The first level is if chronic pelvic pain is related to the psychological causes mentioned above, then it will be useful to talk to psychologists. The second level is aimed at developing pain-coping strategies.


Surgery can solve the problems cause chronic pelvic pain if any, as follows:

Laparoscopic Surgery

For people with endometriosis, the removal of adhesions or the removal of endometrial tissue is performed by laparoscopic surgery. During surgery, the doctor inserts a thin tube equipped with a camera through a small incision next to the navel and the camera inserts cutting and pulling tools, and the uterine tissue is removed and withdrawn through one of the additional small incisions that are made.


Hysterectomy, salpingectomy, or oophorectomy, which is performed in rare complex cases. These solutions have serious health consequences associated with their surgeries, which the doctor discusses with the patient in detail.

Rehabilitation Programs for Chronic Pelvic Pain

Rehabilitation is the last step that takes place after the completion of possible treatments for chronic pelvic pain, after which the patient enters into a pain rehabilitation program is considered.

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    Dr Khaldoun Ghareb

    Specialist General Surgery


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